“THE FEAST OF HARVEST”
“RUTH AND BOAZ -THE WEDDING”
Winnowing barley is throwing the barley up into the air!
“Behold, he winnowed barley to night in the threshing floor.”
PENTECOST IS CALLED “THE FEAST OF HARVEST”
50 DAYS IN THE FEAST OF WEEKS
50 = Perfect Consummation
Meaning of names: Ruth= beauty desirable ~ Boaz =Lord of the Harvest
Summary at a glance: Boaz the "lord of the harvest" began the redemption process of Ruth (beautifully desired) who was washed, anointed and in raiment during the winnowing of barley. Ruth is a type of Firstfruit bride. The book of Ruth is read on Pentecost. Pentecost means 50= deliverance and the perfect consummation of time, Webster’s liken the word consummation to a marriage, a mutual contract, the ultimate end, completed, fulfilled.(conclusion of summary below video)
The feast of Pentecost is known as the “Gathering of the Harvest”, it is the only feast that is likened to a wedding celebration feasting, eating sweets decorating of flowers greenery and wearing white. Ruth showed up in the fields of Boaz during the spring /barley harvest, during the time frame of the Feast of Weeks. It was Boaz -The Lord of the Harvest who involved in the winnowing which was a process of throwing the barley up into the air!!!!!! Ruth the bride, waits for morning and raises up, going un-noticed, then Boaz the Kinsmen Redeemer/Lord of the harvest must raise up the inheritance of the dead, and then take the bride.
The redemption process and transactions began during the Feast of Weeks and while the LORD OF THE HARVEST WINNOWED BARLEY. The very next day Boaz became the Barley Brides Kinsmen redeemer.
Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day. Ruth 3:18
BARLEY IS WINNOWED BY THROWING UP INTO THE AIR!
There are three main Harvests of
Conclusion: Ruth was redeemed by her near kinsmen redeemer Boaz, “The Lord of the Harvest” A WEDDING TOOK PLACE- 50 Consummation- fulfilled - A legal contract-
JEWISH TRADITION: THE BOOK OF RUTH IS READ ON PENTECOST!
SIMPLY PUT AFTER THE HARVESTING OF THE BARLEY THERE IS A FEAST…. A WEDDING FEAST FOR THE BRIDE WHO WAS WINNOWED ON THE NIGHT THE LORD OF THE HARVEST WINNOWED BARLEY, RUTH, BECAME THE BARELY BRIDE….. AND MARRIED THE LORD OF THE HARVEST, THE CONTRACT TOOK PLACE BETWEEN BOAZ AND THE FIRST KINSMEN. RUTH 4:8-14
KEY POINTS: The Harvesting, Gathering, Winnowing Redemption and Wedding
· Season: Spring
· Harvest: Harvest order-Barley first then wheat
· Boaz name means-Lord of the Harvest
· Ruth names mean Desirable
· Boaz near kinsmen redeemer
· Takes place in Bethlehem- House of Bread-
· Ruth- Gentile found grace in the eyes of Boaz- harvesting barley first then wheat
· Boaz was winnowing Barley at night on the threshing floor
· Barley is a firstfruit
· Barley's husk is easily removed by throwing into the air-winnowing (HOLY SPIRIT IS THE WIND THAT REMOVES THE OUTER HARD SHELL)
· Boaz a type of Christ- Lord of the Harvest- Boaz harvested and winnowed the barley himself on the threshing floor.
· Preparation as a bride-Ruth's Preparations: 3Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor.
· The harvesting of the barely bride Ruth-barley is the firstfruit of the first harvest of the year
· Redemption Process began during the winnowing of the barley on the threshing floor.
· Ruth had to make the first move- she uncovered his feet and lay at his foot.
· At midnight Boaz noticed her- Ruth let him know that he was her near kinsmen redeemer.
· Boaz spoke of her virtue and kept her virtuous, she remained unnoticed.
· Ruth had to be patient-Ruth lay at his feet until morning.
· A price had to be paid-Bought and paid for that very day Ruth was redeemed at the Gate. Ruth BECAME HIS THAT DAY, SHE WAS BOUGHT AND REDEEMED! Ruth 4: 8-14
· Boaz took Ruth as his wife, the Lord of the Harvest redeemed Ruth, that very day!
· Lineage of David-Ruth bore a son Obed, Grandfather to King David
BARLEY IS WHAT IS KNOWN AS A FIRSTFRUIT: The three main feast days of
These three crops harvested depict three types of people
Barley is harvested by winnowing, the barley is thrown into the air with a winnowing fork and the wind blows the chaff away. (Wind represents Holy Spirit) The process of winnowing barley is much easier then wheat. WINNOWING - 1When the grain was threshed, it was winnowed by being thrown up against the wind (Jer. 4:11), and afterwards tossed with wooden scoops (Isa. 30:24). The shovel and the fan for winnowing are mentioned in Ps. 35:5, Job 21:18, Isa. 17:13. The refuse of straw and chaff was burned (Isa. 5:24). Freed from impurities, the grain was then stored in granaries till used (Deut. 28:8; Prov. 3:10; Matt. 6:26; 13:30; Luke 12:18).
Wheat is harvested- Tribulum Board/tool was used: by the husk getting crushed by a Tribulum Board, hint that is where we get the word tribulation from.1 THRESHING - The process of threshing was performed generally by spreading the sheaves on the threshing-floor and causing oxen and cattle to walk repeatedly over them (Deut. 25:4; Isa. 28:28). On occasions flails or sticks were used for this purpose (Ruth 2:17; Isa. 28:27). There was also a “threshing instrument” (Isa. 41:15; Amos 1:3) which
The Grapes Harvest: The Angle thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast in into the great winepress of the wrath of God.Rev 14:19
3 A wine press is a device used to extract juice from crushed grapes during wine making. There are a number of different styles of presses that are used by wine makers but their overall functionality is the same. Each style of press exerts controlled pressure in order to free the juice from the fruit (most often grapes). The pressure must be controlled, especially with grapes, in order to avoid crushing the seeds and releasing a great deal of undesirable tannins into the wine.
THE GRAPES GET THROWN INTO THE GREAT WINEPRESS OF THE WRATH OF GOD!
And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast [it] into the great winepress of the wrath of God.
And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.
And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.
THE THRESHING FLOOR: GATHERED TO THE THRESHING FLOOR OR STORED IN BARNS
REAPING – COMES FROM THE ROOT WORD SUMMER- A SUMMER HARVEST ( THE WHEAT HARVEST) 1.The reaping of the grain was performed either by pulling it up by the roots, or cutting it with a type of sickle, according to circumstances. The grain when cut was generally put up in sheaves (Gen. 37:7; Lev. 23:10-15; Ruth 2:7, 15; Job 24:10; Jer. 9:22; Micah 4:12), which were afterwards gathered to the threshing-floor or stored in barns (Matt. 6:26).
BARLEY FIRSTFRUITS TO PENTECOST A 50 DAY UP COUNT!
Day 50 means: “deliverance and the perfect consummation”
CONSUMMATION OF TIME Webster’s Dictionary on Consummation: 1: the act of consummating <the consummation of a contract by mutual signature>; specifically: the consummating of a marriage
2: the ultimate end: finish con·sum·ma·tion (kän′sə mā′s̸hən) Noun-a consummating or being consummated; completion; fulfillment an end; conclusion; outcome·
Webster’s likens the word consummation to a marriage, a mutual contract, the ultimate end, completed, fulfilled, conclusion, this sum up the meaning of the number 50.
The “Counting of the Omer” day 50 concluded With a Feast much Like a Wedding 3 Shavuot/PENTECOST customs include all-night study marathons known as Tikkun Leil Shavuot, The Jews stay up all night, followed by a feast and eating dairy foods (cheesecake and blintzes are special favorites), The dairy and the sweets are likened to the Promise Land the “Land of Milk of Honey”. When the Groom comes for his Bride he will be taking her to the true “
(As we just read a bridal story associated with the barley harvest and redemption) Pentecost is a very good candidate for the Lord of the Harvest to redeem HIS barley Firstfruit Bride and take her home to the
A LOOK AT THE BOOK OF RUTH AND SOME KEY SCRIPTURES
The Harvesting, Gathering, Winnowing Redemption and Wedding
· Season: Spring
· Harvest: Harvest order-Barley first then wheat 17So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley.
· Boaz name means-Lord of the Harvest
· Ruth names mean Desirable- she paid honored Boaz 10Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger?
· Boaz near kinsmen redeemer 1And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz.
· Takes place in
· Ruth- Gentile found grace in the eyes of Boaz- harvesting barley first then wheat Boaz11And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.
· Barley and wheat had been harvested – Feast of Weeks: 17So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley.23So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.
· Boaz was winnowing Barley on threshing floor- Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. To winnow is to throw the barley up into the air, the husk is separated in the air, and the grain falls at the feet of the harvestman.
· Barley is a firstfruit- The barley represents the overcomers, repentant, on fire for the Lord (not lukewarm). Those who desire him will make the first move. Ruth made her move towards her kinsmen redeemer with passion 4And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. 7And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.
· Barley's husk is easily removed by throwing into the air-winnowing-The wind/air represents the Holy Spirit removing the husk.
· Boaz a type of Christ- lord of the harvest- Boaz harvested, winnowed, barley, threshing floor Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor.
· WINNOWINIG= THROWING UP INTO THE AIR!
· Threshing floor- Tribulation? A Threshing floor is where the wheat is crushed by a tribulum board; There is a big difference between how the two grains the barley and the wheat’s shell is removed.
· Preparation as a bride-Ruth's Preparations:3Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor.
· The harvesting of Ruth-Ruth showed up at the barley firstfruit harvest.
· Redemption Process began during the winnowing of the barley on the threshing floor - Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor.
· At midnight Boaz noticed Ruth – he let her know that he was her near kinsmen redeemer. 13Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; ( perhaps similar to the Wise virgins Math 25?)
· Boaz spoke of her virtue and kept her virtuous, she remained unnoticed that night.
· Ruth had to be patient, Ruth lay at his feet until morning, AND SHE ROSE UP! 4And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. Is this a glimpse of our kinsmen redeemer the lord of the harvest letting us know at midnight to hold on and be patient until morning and he will do his kinsmen part and begin redemption process at the gate. We will RISE UP IN THE MORNING BEFORE ONE COULD KNOW ANOTHER?!!
PURCHASED, RAISE UP THE DEAD UPON HIS INHERITANCE- Prophetic? Speaking of Christ? Is this a type of order? The purchase of the bride, (the price he paid) which allowed the raising up of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the brethren should not be cut off; and from the gate of his place (heaven?); then the Lord of the Harvest took his bride.
I purchased to be my wife; have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, also LORD will not cast off his people, neither will he forsake his inheritance. Psa 94:14 does this sound familiar?? To purchase a wife: Boaz had not purchased her yet, this is prophetic speaking of Christ; And he brought them to the border of his sanctuary, [even to] this mountain, [which] his right hand had purchased. Ps 78:54 also this verse: Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory. Eph 1:14
Boaz took Ruth as his wife- Lord of the Harvest - Finds Ruth Desirable-Redeemed
Notes and scriptures and more on the grape harvest:
Key Scriptures from Ruth: And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz.
10Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? 11And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.17So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley.23So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.2And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 3Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 4And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. 7And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. 8And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. 9And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. 0And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. 11And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. 12And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. 13Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning. 14And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor. 10Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day. 13So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.
HARVESTING THE GRAPES AND THE WINEPRESS-
2.The statement that "the earth was harvested" has a ring of finality to it, but the harvest is not over. Two more angels appear, the first out of the temple in heaven (v. 17), like the angel who issued the command to harvest the earth, and the second from the altar (v. 18). As before, the first angel is carrying a sharp sickle, and the second gives the order to use it.
The harvest that now ensues is far more graphic and terrible than the earth harvest so briefly described in verses 15-16. It is a destructive harvest carried out in fire and blood. The angel commanding it is the angel who had charge of the fire (v. 18)--perhaps the same angel who earlier "took the censer, filled it with fire from the altar, and hurled it on the earth" (8:5). Here as in the earlier vision, destructive judgment comes, ironically, from the altar in heaven, the place of mercy and the
focus of Christian worship. If the first stage of the harvest was a generic "harvest of the earth," presumably of wheat or some other grain, this is to be a grape harvest--the "vintage of the earth" (v. 19 NRSV; literally "the vine of the earth"). The dark red juice of grapes suggests the image of blood and violent death. The grape clusters are cut off with the sickle and thrown into the great winepress of God's wrath and trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses' bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia (vv. 19-20).
What scene anywhere in the book of Revelation is as gruesome as this one? Moreover, why does the harvest take place in two such contrasting stages? One possibility is that the "harvest of the earth" corresponds to the first four trumpets (8:6-13), which affected only the natural creation, while the "vintage of the earth," or grape harvest, matches the last three trumpets (9:1--11:19), which brought injury and death to humans as well. A more likely interpretation is that this harvest, like the one John the Baptist predicted in Matthew and Luke, involves both salvation and destruction, but with emphasis on the latter. The Baptizer spoke of "one more powerful than I," who would "clear his threshing floor" and "gather the wheat into his barn, but . . . burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire" (Lk 3:17). Instead of wheat and chaff, the vision in Revelation contrasts the bloodless harvest of grain with the bloody winepress of God's wrath (v. 19).
Because he has displayed so clearly the victory of the redeemed in 14:1-5 (and will do so again in 15:2-4), the accent of John's vision of harvest is on the destruction of the wicked, not the salvation of the righteous. Writing against the background of
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord;
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;
He has loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword;
His truth is marching on.
If the trampling of the vintage is the work of angels in this vision, it is unmistakably Christ's own work in a later passage, where the one who treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty is immediately identified as king of kings and lord of lords (19:15-16). Once more the four angels of the harvest are functionally equivalent to Jesus, the Son of Man and the Judge. Their bloody work of retribution is his as well. Not everyone agrees. Caird, for example (1966:191-94), understands the bloodbath not as God's punishment of the wicked but as the deates of Christian martyrs at the hands of their oppressors. John's purpose, he says, is "to make a profound disclosure about the great martyrdom, to show that the bloodbath of persecution, which might appear to be the total defeat of the church, was to the eyes of faith the ingathering of the elect and the means whereby the Son of Man would turn the slaughter of his saints into the downfall of his enemies" (1966:243).
The difficulty with this view is that the number of the martyrs is already complete (14:1-5). The grape harvest is more easily understood as God's wrath against those responsible for their deates. In John's view, martyrdom is not its own reward. The martyrs are victorious only because their deates are followed by actual resurrection and actual judgment against their enemies. Caird's interpretation seems motivated more by a desire to downplay the wrath and vengeance of God than by the actual language of the text. Christian piety has followed a sounder instinct in pointing out an ironic parallel between Christ (through his angels) treading the bloody winepress of God's wrath here, and Christ enduring God's wrath against sin on the cross by shedding his own blood. The further irony that both this judgment and the judgment of sin at Jesus' crucifixion took place outside the city (see Heb 13:12 and perhaps Mt 21:39) may well be intentional.